Security Cover - Network Security Video Security

Top 5 Video Security & Network Security Tech Solutions Today

What comes to mind when you think about surveillance & security tech? Some companies still only rely on a guard looking at a video wall, strategically placed motion sensors, or badge ID cards for building/office access. Yet many organizations and enterprises are undergoing digital transformations to increase efficiency and upgrade these systems.

In this article we will offer our picks for the top five physical and network security tech solutions that organizations and enterprises are exploring these days.

1. Edge AI & Video Analytics – Video Security

Data Bridge Market Research shows us that the rising need and demand for edge computing programs and services will experience a CAGR of 20.15% with a rise of up to USD 2.7 billion through 2028. To refine that further to include video analytics into the edge AI equation, MarketsandMarkets Research show that video analytics on edge devices improves surveillance and monitoring by reducing the amount of raw data that needs to be transmitted over networks.

Processing facial recognition or other intelligent video analytics to identify things of interest and suspicious activities or behaviors on edge devices is a growing and valuable technology in the surveillance and security fields.

EXAMPLE: The IVAR™ edge AI platform from Gorilla Technology

CCTV - Video Security

2. OT Security Solutions – Network Security

OT Security is different from standard IT Security. (OT stands for Operational Technology while IT is Information Technology.) OT is a type of hardware and software used to monitor and control physical devices, processes, and infrastructure. OT Security is a common form of cybersecurity used to protect Industrial Systems and networks from various attacks. OT is used across multiple industries including manufacturing, power plants, transportation, utilities, and smart city appliances.

As outlined in a recent report from Market Research Future analysis, the global OT security market is forecast to see an increase to USD 3.5 billion at a CAGR of 42.2% through 2025. The driving forces behind the market growth include the integration of IT and OT systems, surge in the risk of cyber threats on critical infrastructure, and increasing dependence on legacy systems.

EXAMPLE: The NSGuard Series of OT Security Solutions from Gorilla

3. Access Control Systems – Video Security

COVID-19 has changed quite a bit in regards to access control systems and what they are expected to do. Edge AI video analytics are being implemented more in access control systems to accomplish things like employee ID verification via face recognition. From monitoring employee health conditions and meeting government mask/temperature regulations to ensuring visitors and employees can gain timed access with privileges to pre-assigned areas on to time-logging every area entry and exit, the desired tasks assigned to access control systems have expanded quite a bit. While its roots are in security, access control systems are now just as important for health and controlling the spread of deadly diseases.

Mordor Intelligence reports that the Access Control market is expected to reach USD 11.7 billion by 2026 and grow at a CAGR of 7.38% until then. The need to enhance the safety and security across various residential and commercial segments is significantly adding to the market growth globally. The advancements in edge AI computing mentioned above and the expanded use cases in this post-pandemic era have both contributed a great deal to the growing interest in access control systems.

EXAMPLE: Post-Pandemic Access Control & Area Management from Gorilla

Access Control - Video Security

4. IoT Sensors – Video Security

The global smart (IoT) sensor market size, according to Allied Market Research, is projected to reach $91.37 Billion by 2027 with a CAGR of 14.30%. IoT sensors enable better control and monitoring of different security operations. These sensors react to physical inputs that occur or change – like light, heat, motion, moisture, or pressure – by producing an output on a display or transmitting data further processing on edge devices or other designated machines with the help of signal conditioning, embedded algorithms, and digital interfaces.

These sensors are often used in the surveillance and security fields along with other technology – specifically enterprise security. The demand for combining video surveillance, edge AI video analytics, and IoT sensors to create comprehensive physical security systems with multiple false-positive checks is increasing rapidly – and so is using OT security solutions to ensure device and health and security.

EXAMPLE: Enterprise Security Solutions from Gorilla

IoT - Video Security

5. VMS Systems – Video Security

Kenneth Research reported to MarketWatch that the global Video Management Software (VMS) industry is anticipated to see a CAGR of more than 16.85% through to 2025. Factors pushing this projected industry growth include easier ways of deployment, the rising use of IP videos, third-party integration, and other digital business systems. Mainly due to COVID-19,  safety and security concerns have escalated nearly everywhere and further advancements in edge AI video analytic processing capability have led many VMS users to upgrade their systems to include some form of video analytics as well as OT security.

Control Room - Video Security

Observations in Video Security and Network Security Tech

CCTV cameras only sending video to hard drives, guards staring at video walls, ‘systems’ made up of only motion sensors, and unmanaged device/system health – these old days of security are over. As you read in the sections above, video analytics & edge AI, OT security, access control, and integrated IoT is the combined direction that the field is moving. So meet the future today and contact Gorilla about one or more of the ideas in this article.

AI Appliances in Smart Cities

Top Video Analytics AI Appliances for 2021

AI Appliances are computers that do one thing well – run specific AI software. Smaller devices with more processing power have come together with developments in edge computing to unlock the immense expansion of capabilities and uses these AI Appliances can now offer.

But what are the devices we think will have the greatest impact in the coming year? As recent reports project, the video analytics market is poised to see large growth and Gorilla is a driving force in that projection.

With that in mind and to keep this list more concise we decided to focus on AI Appliances that run video analytic software since AI running on AI Appliances will vary from project to project. (click on the titles or images below to learn more about each AI Appliance)

The LEC-2290 from Lanner is the latest generation of intelligent edge computing systems powered by the 8th generation Intel® Core™ i7 processor. Designed for deployment in diverse environments (-20°C to 45°C) and to meet the high Power POE requirements of network applications, the LEC-2290 brings the most secure, low-latency video AI applications, such as city surveillance, machine vision, and mobile surveillance.

The Behavior Analytics AI Appliance gives government, transportation, enterprise, and retail administrators a better way to monitor, manage, and make decisions on any scale. It has been implemented in many projects globally and excels at superior public safety, enterprise security, and retail analytics. With professional, standard, and custom models to choose from, this AI Appliance runs its preloaded video analytics on up to six video channels – all on Intel® CPUs and without GPU assistance. This is one in a series of AI Appliances from Gorilla aptly dubbed Vision AI. The hardware and software in each AI Appliance in the series is tested for compatibility and stability to give you the optimal combination of accuracy, performance, and efficiency. To go the extra mile, flexible hardware aftercare from service centers all over the world as well as first line tech support from Gorilla is included with each AI Appliance.

The Edge AI Video Analytics platform from Arrow and Gorilla includes a complete technology stack to develop intelligent video surveillance applications. The platform delivers real-time intelligent video analytics and business intelligence.

Core video analytics capabilities of the solution include people/face recognition, behavior analysis, vehicle detection/recognition, and real-time insights. Exception alerts based on key business or security parameters make the platform well suited for video surveillance applications in public safety, smart cities, and enterprise security and for enhancing customer experiences in retail. Moreover, these features provide a complete security convergence platform that safeguards both physical and network security.

Comprised of Gorilla’s edge-computing video analytics software, an AI Toolkit can be placed on hardware devices and boards with different form factors, shortening the time to market for end product manufacturers and solution developers.

More About AI Appliances

Many elements go into making a quality AI Appliance. From form factor, to environmental capability and on to processing power or type of AI being run, the market today is sure to provide the perfect AI Appliance for any setting or project.

You can find out more about AI Appliances and Gorilla Technology here: https://www.gorilla-technology.com/

We also recommend learning more about edge AI here: https://www.gorilla-technology.com/Edge-AI

A firm understanding of video analytics can be ascertained here: https://www.gorilla-technology.com/Video-Analytics

For a deeper dive, download Technical Whitepapers and Case Studies from Gorilla Technology here: https://www.gorilla-technology.com/Edge-AI/Whitepapers

First Aid Tent

New Disaster Shelters Use Edge AI to Manage Pandemics

As we all begin to live with the global aftermath of Covid-19, the challenge is in creating smarter and safer disaster shelters to alleviate the heavy loads put on hospitals when another infectious disease breaks out or when the next natural disaster occurs.

During any given season of the year, countries face the threat of natural disasters – typhoons, tornadoes, hurricanes, flooding, wildfires, earthquakes, and tsunamis.

Pain Points of Traditional Disaster Shelters

As Covid-19 has brought to light, creating and using impromptu shelters for disease control and prevention leaves much to be desired. Here are a few ways that traditional disaster shelters have failed in the wake of Covid-19 and taught us lessons about what we can improve upon:

  • Disaster shelters are typically set up in schools, gyms, public halls or community centers with little or no patient-to-patient or doctor-to-patient separation.
  • They require a large number of front-line staff to manage everything on the ground.
  • Due to the urgency in accommodating large numbers of victims in these places, these makeshift indoor spaces are often overcrowded and utilized as much as possible.

Due to the situations above, an unexpected and innumerable amount of group infections occurred when the first wave of Covid-19 hit. Because of that, however, we can learn how to improve on the idea of how a disaster shelter should be created.

New Disaster Shelter Criteria

In countries like Taiwan and Japan where natural disasters occur frequently, governments have come up with guidelines for new kinds of disaster shelters. For example, the Office of the Cabinet of Japan has formulated the following criteria for the creation of these new disaster shelters: 

  • Prepare more sites in advance for disaster shelters in order to reroute much of the affected population.
  • To avoid gathering in large crowds, it is recommended that affected people seek refuge at the homes of relatives or friends. 
  • All people entering the disaster shelter must be physically examined.
  • Disaster shelters should focus on maintaining good ventilation.
  • Disaster shelters must provide dedicated spaces for people with fevers or other symptoms, and provide a dedicated bathroom to people with abnormal health symptoms if possible.
Field Hospital

In the past and under normal conditions, the government advocated that these items be strictly followed. Yet these key guidelines are quite difficult to maintain in an emergency situation.

Edge AI Solutions in New Disaster Shelters

There are many governments and local authorities in countries that are paying attention to how AI technology can be used in shelters in areas at high risk for natural disasters. For example, using an access control system with contactless temperature detection combined with facial recognition technology can record body temperature and personal data when anyone enters the shelter. That data can then be linked to a specific face identity. Because the system is contactless, it can help avoid transmission between the front-line staff and the admitted person because the device replaces the front-line staff with technology.

Furthermore, physical methods have been used to block people from associating with one another. This is achieved by creating spaces separated by plastic or cardboard dividers. Video analytics can be used to confirm the number of people in each area is within limits. Using AI identification along with personnel management can work together to efficiently strengthen protocols and efficiency.

In addition, mask detection video analytics can be used to identify whether or not an entrant is actually wearing a mask. This cuts the common reliance on staff to check at entry and exit points, thus again reducing the need for front-line staff.

Loss or theft of relief supplies for disaster shelters is often a problem. It’s impossible to allocate people to monitor these materials 24/7. If there are non-staff wandering around the storage area, video analytics can alert the proper personnel and warn them to take necessary action.

Finally, in case an infected person does enter a shelter, focusing on contact tracing methods to effectively locate all the people they have interacted with to prevent further spread of the disease is important as well. Carrying out effective contact tracing, quarantines, and similar measures can benefit from technology and is being closely watched by governments and local administrations.

Covid-19 Alert

Transforming the Traditional with Edge AI

Covid-19 is a pandemic the likes of which the world has never seen and transforming traditional shelters into a more intelligent disaster refuge is an issue that all governments must address. Gorilla’s edge AI technology is leveraged in creating a variety of post-pandemic solutions that governments and countries can adopt. In the future, Gorilla Technology will continue to produce the most advanced video analytics and will continue to develop products that contribute to society.

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Post-Pandemic Workplace Wellness & Intelligent Building Automation Systems

The Pandemic

The world was caught unprepared for Covid-19 and its profound consequences on public health and the economy. In just the first six months following its discovery, the highly contagious virus was able to infect over ten million people globally, and has been responsible for at least half of a million deaths around the world in as much time.

Since the outbreak, the pursuit of workplace wellness has dramatically accelerated. Workplace wellness encompasses the physical health and safety of its employees, also how they can successfully perform their jobs and how they interact with one another.

Workforce Vulnerabilities

Most jobs (office, engineering, construction, government, etc..) can be broken down into daily tasks that have at least some element of human interaction – this may act as a channel for the virus to spread. Jobs that involve these tasks not only expose employees to risk of infection, they can also increase the spread of the virus by acting as a distribution network for it.

The challenge is in reformatting these jobs to keep our workforce healthy and productive. Checking temperatures at entrances, maintaining social distancing during working hours, assisting health professionals with contact tracing – these are just a few examples of what offices will need to do in order to reopen safely.

Enhancing Building Automated Systems with Edge AI

Edge AI driven video analytics from Gorilla provide reliable solutions to slow the spread of the virus. Integrating and deploying facial recognition access control, attendance systems, and smart parking solutions with current building automation systems to automatically monitor compliance in many ways are now possible. To name a few:

  1. Performing screening for fevers and masks at entrances and other key zones.
  2. Using crowd detection in cafeterias and break rooms to ensure proper social distancing is followed.
  3. Assisting health authorities with link analysis & contact tracing when positive cases come to light.

Post-Pandemic Area Management solutions from Gorilla can also help maintain public safety and order – something that will prove to be a challenge as lockdown measures result in closed businesses and greater economic hardship for many people.

Gorilla’s offerings of behavior analytics, intrusion detection, loitering detection, direction violation detection, fighting detection — these can all help minimize the prospect of looting, vandalism, robberies. Gorilla is reaching out to assist law enforcement in preserving public order during this trying time.

While the health crisis is far from over and the full impact of the virus and global lockdown is still to be seen, we know we will get through this. We will return to our workplaces as they are re-tooled into safer and smarter environments – and Gorilla will help get us there.

Airport Terminal

Improving Public Spaces at Transportation Hubs with Digital Transformation

As cities and borders find ways to reopen, students, business people, and travelers are preparing to travel and catch up for time lost. However, we can’t ignore the risk of another outbreak before a vaccine is discovered. Airports, train stations, and metro stations are critical areas as we expect massive foot traffic. This article will look into how video analytics can assist people in getting adjusted to the new norms.

Staff at transportation hubs are not able to respond promptly to people not wearing their masks if there’s congestion or a long queue at the counter – if they even get noticed at all. Traditional CCTV systems can’t deliver actionable events. By utilizing the video source on site and implementing Gorilla post-pandemic area management solutions, we become capable of assisting transportation operators in keeping the area safe by ensuring passengers are wearing masks and are not gathering or getting jammed together in large groups in one area.

Common Challenges Facing Transportation Operations

Train cars, platforms, station halls, ticket booths and check-in counters –  these are the areas where we expect congestion taking place when borders reopen. With a lack of human resources and an influx of heavy traffic, we won’t get clear visuals when a space becomes overcrowded. We have to rely on past experiences most of the time. Motion sensors are known as a common way to monitor how many people enter or exit. Unfortunately, with the lack of visual input, we can only rely on the number statistics sent by the motion sensor. However, with crowd detection video analytics, we can clearly tell which area is crowded and where we should send staff to assist in dealing with the queue in a timely manner. Gorilla’s post-pandemic area management solution offers an all-in-one solution in response to the current situation.

Lonely Woman Wearing a Mask on Train

To adapt to the new normal, passengers in most areas are requested to wear a mask when taking mass transportation. It has become a must. In some countries, they have strictly advised their people to have their masks on throughout the entire journey. While at the turnstiles in stations and other hubs, it’s challenging for staff to monitor multiple lanes of passengers for masks.  Gorilla’s mask detection solution is able to monitor if passengers are wearing masks before entering the facility. The intelligent video analytics does the detailed and challenging work of examining dozens of gates from different entrances/exits.

Post-Pandemic Digital Transformations Are The New Normal

Intelligent video analytics maximizes the use of video footage on-site. By running real-time video analytics, meaningful insight and action can be defined by users. Our post-pandemic area management solutions enhance workplace efficiency in many places – transportation hubs included – and assist in minimizing health risks for staff. For a more in-depth look, you should read the whitepaper we recently published regarding post-pandemic area management solutions.

Gorilla has built up a strong community and connection with global partners in many fields, e.g. system integrators, managed service providers, and hardware makers. We collaborate to find out the challenges our customers face, offer virtual training for certified partners, and deliver actionable end-to-end solutions.

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A Tense Encounter at the Grocery Store

Any parent will understand that your kids are at home with you all day and every day. Every chore and every errand you have to run, your child is with you – there are no schools and no childcare available. This includes errands like grocery runs.

Last Wednesday morning, I geared up to go to the grocery store with my child. Masks? Check. Sanitizing wipes? Check. Hand sanitizer? Check. Snacks for cranky kiddo? Check. We got to the store and I noticed there wasn’t a security guard standing outside to ensure everyone abided by the ‘no face mask, no entry’ rule. I figured it would be ok because the store looked pretty empty – I had strategically chosen the morning to conduct this task because this shop is usually slow before lunch.

We entered the store, I grabbed a shopping cart and wiped it down with an alcohol wipe before putting my child in it – then went about my shopping.

Once I completed our shopping, we got in the checkout line and stood on the strip of red tape six feet behind the shopper ahead of us to follow the store’s social distancing policy – there was another strip six feet behind me, and so on.

There were only two of the ten cashier lines open, which is normal for mornings. Yet as I looked at the impulse buys in front of the register, the line behind us grew. My strategic plan of going shopping in the morning to avoid a crowd was crumbling.

I turned from looking at gum and noticed that the man behind us wasn’t wearing a mask and was mumbling to himself. Visibly agitated, he was muttering profanities about the slightly longer wait and had moved to within whispering distance of me. Did he even notice the red tape?! I think all parents, everyone for that matter, can imagine the fear and panic snowballing in the pit of my stomach as I hovered closer and closer to my child – hoping to shield her from harm with my body. Enough was enough.

At that point, I took a breath from through my mask, turned, and firmly told the man behind us that we’re all in this together and he should kindly withdraw to the red strip of tape six feet behind us and offered him an extra mask I had packed. He momentarily balked at my comment, but then begrudgingly took the mask and moved back to the strip of red tape. We got home without further incident, but it got me thinking – was that whole episode really necessary?

Since I work for an edge AI and computer vision company, I know there are better ways to manage and control situations such as the one I experienced. Firstly, deploying mask detection at store entrances can avoid the issue of not having security personnel on duty. If the store wants to invest further, they can include crowd density detection throughout the store as well as at the checkout. Computer vision is quick to implement. It isn’t complicated and there is no breach in privacy. In any case, if it can help protect my child without me having to step in and confront an agitated stranger, I really don’t mind a little bit of surveillance. 

As an active member of the community, I do my civic duty whenever I can. I hope grocers and other retail shops will do the same by implementing extra measures to protect their shoppers.

To read more, click on what interests you below:

Post-Pandemic Area Management

Video Analytics

Edge AI

Whitepapers

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The Woes of the Modern-Day Air Traveler – Could Facial Recognition Bring Back Some Measure of Joy?

Remember years ago when travel used to be enjoyable? Friends and family could come inside and have lunch with you before your departure or meeting you at the gate as you stepped off the plane. Security wasn’t so picky as to what you could bring in your overnight bag. Plenty of non-stop routes. Lots of seating room on airlines? Remember when? I do. That’s how it was when I began my career in biometrics nearly 25 years ago.

Well, as we all know, the events that took place on 9/11 changed air travel forever. The last 19 years have been plagued by rules and regulations just to get inside security. Don’t get me started on trying to find a place to grab a quick lunch where you can actually sit down and eat. The airports are packed with people from all of the connections, you’re lucky to find a counter to lean on. Airlines now cram as many seats into one airplane as possible to maximize revenues using fewer planes which also means fewer direct routes. More connections, more security. The list goes on and on. Let’s face it, the fun has been taken out of air travel.

Now ring in the new year. Its 2020, air travel is simply a necessary evil of today’s global workforce. Then Covid-19 hits and the world realized that the 300,000+ flights daily from all over the world are helping to spread the disease like wildfire.

So – what are the CDC and industry leaders talking about now to further protect air travel? Mask wearing is being instituted by airlines around the globe. Some airports are also calling for it, handing out masks to travelers that forgot theirs at home. It seems we’ll be required masks from the time we step into the airport, till the time we leave the airport in the destination city. How will you have an enjoyable meal wearing a mask? How will you feel after breathing your own air all day? Imagine meetings with a customer or vendor in an airport wearing a mask? I’m annoyed just thinking about it. Then there is the potential for temperature screenings which no doubt will make the lines even longer.

The question on my mind is, could facial recognition bring back some convenience to air travel? What if you could check in using just your face? Go through security using your face without passing documents and germs back and forth? Could you use your face as your boarding pass to eliminate people fumbling with the screen brightness on their phones or for the old-fashioned sort who use paper passes, losing them in their luggage. For this to become a reality, facial recognition with mask detection will be required.

Many airlines have been thinking about how to make opt-in programs for frequent travelers to provide perks beyond what is available today as just another number. What if the gate agent could hold the door a little longer because they knew a diamond member was moments away? What about the many airline lounges welcoming you by name as they recognize you walking by? Could other services be brought to you if the store or restaurant knew you were nearby? Using facial recognition with mask detection – the possibilities are as broad as our imagination.

Given all of the inconveniences in today’s air travel, would you opt in with your face to make your day a little brighter? It’s all about personalization or picking the frequent traveler out of the crowd to offer special services that haven’t been previously available.  It’s time facial recognition becomes a reality for those that want some relief from the modern-day inconvenience.

To read more, click on what interests you below:

 

Post-Pandemic Area Management

Video Analytics

Edge AI

Whitepapers

 

Contact us to continue the conversation.

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Data Privacy in the Post-Pandemic World

The Dilemma of Data Security in Crisis Situations

Since the advent of this global pandemic, governments worldwide and their health authorities have been accused of privacy breaches and overreach because of increased surveillance and tracking of primarily infected patients, their recent physical connections and people on their contact lists, but also of the public in general.

Governments are caught in a dilemma, where they need to protect the public on the one hand, while on the other hand they have enacted data privacy laws to protect the personal information of citizens.

The Need to Navigate Data Privacy

Companies need to navigate this data privacy environment while also providing solutions to assist businesses and governments to implement and manage guidelines.

Governments have in some cases suspended the implementation of, or created loopholes for, data privacy laws as well as other laws, because of the pandemic’s impact. However, in some cases these legal loopholes are not clearly defined, so new technology providers in the biometrics and data security sectors, such as Gorilla still need to be aware of the compliance requirements.

Data Privacy Concerns and Solutions

Artificial intelligence software that performs computer vision tasks like facial recognition is facing many concerns regarding how data is acquired, processed, and stored. Specifically, concerns of personal location and identity data have been brought up as of late. Currently, data standards and data best practices as policy are the agreed upon answer to these concerns.

Location and Identity Data

The main concern for Gorilla is where a video camera system is in operation and using IVAR™ and BAP to process information for the purpose of facial recognition – which is the most sensitive item of personal information when it is linked to a person’s identity.  This would potentially include the scenario where face mask detection is used.  Solutions that aid organizations in regulating access to their premises are in high demand. The goal is to safeguard employees’ health, making sure that face coverings are being worn and that employees accessing the workplace do not have a high temperature. However, the use of biometrics for access control has proven to be controversial for the workforce going back to the office. Smart City solutions and Smart Surveillance systems have also been received with skepticism, as facial recognition plays a key role in the architecture of such innovations.

In the commercial sector, Smart Retail solutions will be less affected provided that the data collected is used for statistical purposes (such as people counting), or to ensure customers keep social distance. Temperature scanning with IR cameras is in the same category as people counting – it is not personal information per se, unless combined with other identification data.

Certified Data Standards and Systems

The current ISO management security certifications can serve as a basis to build from in order to develop a more secure handling and storage system for private information. Systems Integrator partners can place a disclaimer notice next to or near the camera system notifying patrons of the use of the facial recognition software, if any.

Implementation of Data Privacy Best Practices

Gorilla’s solutions are GDPR friendly as we don’t store any facial recognition images in our system. Our partners could schedule a regular and recurring time slot to erase the data based on the laws and regulations in their deployed countries. In addition, network security is a priority at Gorilla. As a trusted solutions provider to various government entities, we have experience collaborating in highly sensitive projects where data security is of the utmost importance.

Where We Go from Here with Data Privacy

Gorilla continuously works to minimize risks to itself and to the data subjects by requesting or highlighting to our partners and customers that they properly handle the private information in line with the laws and regulations.

In complying with the GDPR, other data privacy laws in other countries, and together with our partners, we can avoid possible sanctions by the authorities and ensure we are safeguarding people’s privacy. By making sure they comply with local data privacy laws and regulations and by implementing necessary procedures for data processing, recording, safe keeping and deletion or release, risks can be minimized by Systems Integrators or Technology Partners.

Gorilla is implementing its current privacy policies and also developing inter-company agreements for data processing from its affiliates, partners and end-users, while strengthening its security management procedures.

Final Thoughts on Data Privacy for a Better Tomorrow

The new world that is unfolding in front of us will require the use of new technologies to ensure that we can tackle future social health threats. Caution towards the use of solutions requiring private data usage is corollary to the rapid changes we’re experiencing. The transformation, albeit fast and starkly different to what we’re used to, should not be simply deemed Orwellian. Transparency, healthy control systems and the commitment of all parties involved in abiding by these principles will become crucial, as they will be the most effective way to protect us against the infringement of privacy.

Video Analytics Technology Main Image

Video Analytics Technology

What is Video Analytics?

Picture this, you’re in a crowded train station and have lost your friend in the mix. How do you and your brain go about picking your friend out of the crowd? Do you go through the same process each time you look for something or does it depend somewhat on what you’re seeking? From a human perspective, looking for stuff seems rather straight forward and although we can describe those processes easily to others, the way we search for and identify things generally differs and depends on what we’re searching for. How one goes about finding a lost friend in a station is different than searching for your keys before going to the office.

Video analytics to find someone in a busy station.

Now imagine how we might go about getting computers to look for things. They would need some kind of input to detect specific objects, recognize and differentiate between those, and then notify us somehow when the requested result is found or not. This process is what we call intelligent video analytics, IVA for short.

This article will go into how different kinds of IVA work and also give some examples along the way.

What Video Analytics Does

The processes involved in getting IVA output from software is similar to how people visually detect and recognize things. The essence of what video analytics does is generally described in three steps.

    • Video analytic software breaks down video signals into frames. This article will not describe this step, but understanding digital video and how it works is an interesting topic and good to know before we break down the next steps.
    • The software then splits the video (frames) into video data and analytic data, then uses algorithms to process the analytic data to output specifically desired functions.
    • And finally, it delivers the result in a predetermined manner.
Working through the process.

Approaches to Video Analytic Processing

Let’s get into the details for number two from the above list as it’s what most people have been talking about recently.

Depending on the goal, video needs to be processed using different methods in order to deliver relevant results. Gorilla has categorized the most widely used types of analytics into five fundamental IVA groups which are described in more detail below.

1. Behavior Analytics

These analytics use algorithms that are designed to look for a specific behavior.

Thinking more deeply, a behavior could be defined as action over time. With that in mind, each Behavior Analytic needs more than one frame from the video to determine if an event or behavior has occurred. So it follows that the algorithms in Behavior Analytics look for changes from frame to frame over time to identify a very specific and predefined event or action. We’ve broken down and classified the Behavior Analytics that are used in our solutions here:

People Counting

People Counting Video Analytics

The People Counting IVA does just that, it detects and counts people for a specified amount of time as they enter a zone and/or cross a line which users define in the software.

Line Crossing

Line Crossing Video Analytics

This IVA detects when people cross a line (or lines) of user defined length and position.

Intrusion Detection

Intrusion Detection Video Analytics

Intrusion Detection monitors user created zones to detect any activity or entries by moving objects (like people).

Direction Detection

Direction Detection Video Analytics

This IVA monitors a user created zone for people moving A) within the zone AND B) in the marked direction. Movements in the opposite direction do not trigger an alert.

Direction Violation Detection

Direction Violation Detection Video Analytics

Same as the direction detection IVA but detects and alerts to movements in the opposite direction. As an example, security checks at airports and other transportation hubs stand to benefit from this type of IVA.

Loitering Detection

Loitering Video Analytics

The Loitering Detection IVA monitors figures or people entering and then remaining in a user created zone for a specified period.

2. People/Face Recognition

People and Face Recognition could easily be sliced into two core groups, but we keep them as one since they are so closely related. As Behavior Analytics need to detect human shapes to perform effectively, People/Face Recognition IVAs are next on our list.

Human Detection

Human Detection Video Analytics

The Human Detection IVA detects human figures within the video. Once detected, features like clothing color, gender, eyewear, masks, and age group can be detected as well.

Face Recognition

Face Recognition Video Analytics

This IVA recognizes and identifies faces. This is used in conjunction with Gorilla’s BAP software and its facial recognition database. While uses for this are myriad (and often in the news), we most often see Face Recognition used for Watch Lists, VIP identification, Attendance Systems, and Black Lists.

3. License Plate Recognition

Some people collect license plates and like them because different places have different plates. However, this variety makes it incredibly difficult for one License Plate Recognition (LPR) IVA to work globally (or even just from state to state). Currently, we generally see this IVA added as a customized feature because adding all the different and beautiful plates into the general release of the software would require too much space.

License Plate Recognition Video Analytics

Having said that, there are currently two approaches to LPR.

      • Parking LPR detects the license plates of parked vehicles in user created zones, vehicles travelling slowly, or vehicles stopped at boom gates.
      • Road Traffic LPR detects the license plates of moving vehicles, or vehicles stopped at a stoplight.

4. Object Recognition

Object Recognition Video Analytics

Replace the Face Recognition IVA with any given object and you’ll get the Object Detection IVA. This is where algorithms are used in training the software to detect and recognize a specific object, like a hot dog. There are a lot of different objects in the world (even more than there are license plate types!), so the training and size requirements add up quickly.

5. Business Intelligence

Dashboards in software showing data about various business activities are a valuable asset in just about any retail or enterprise setting. Using video analytics from within a dashboard to enrich and increase results should be a part in everyone’s toolbox.

While the IVAs in numbers one through four above are widely used for surveillance scenarios, there are a magnitude of business scenarios that can reap the benefits that video analytics offers. To see some great examples, check out how Gorilla is applying these to create intelligent solutions for multiple business markets and industries.

Putting the Video Analytic Idea Together

As you read above, these IVAs all orchestrate various algorithms to achieve and deliver results. Essentially though, IVAs detect for and determine if a defined event or behavior has been found or occurs within a video camera’s field of view and then notifies the designated user of the finding.

In a similar manner, most of us go through varying processes depending on if we’re searching for keys at home or for our friend in a busy station.

Video Analytic Processing Power

Thinking about the entire process, could there be a single solution that can do everything effectively? It seems like an insurmountable amount of tasks: from processing each single frame’s analytic data to displaying it together with the video, into creating a complete video system with an array of user selectable & customizable IVA in a building or any other scenario, all the way to putting multiple systems together that report back to a central control center.

It’s not impossible. To demonstrate this, let’s look at what IVAR™ from Gorilla can do and how it operates.

CPU and GPU Video Analytic Processing

Video analytics as a whole requires a lot of dedicated processing power. We should keep in mind here that before optimization and edge devices with capable CPUs, video analytics was processing both video and analytic data on one machine and required additional GPUs to do most of the work. Technology and the ability to split these two up has advanced to the point that it’s now possible to keep the video data at the edge while pushing the analytic data up the network for quick processing.

One technology, which Gorilla was the first to adopt, is the Intel® distribution of the OpenVINO™ toolkit. Using the OpenVINO™ toolkit to optimize IVAR keeps deployment and upkeep costs low while decreasing operating temperatures by minimizing the need for expensive GPUs.

Delivering and Deploying Video Analytics

Considering the multitude of IVA capabilities and applications in the world today, Gorilla is asked about many things regarding delivering and deploying video analytics and the IVAR platform.

Q: How many video feeds can IVAR handle?

A: IVAR is a highly scalable solution that fits nearly any size system, from a single camera with one IVA to multiple systems with hundreds of cameras running multiple IVAs.

Q: I need a complete VMS with integrated IVA, is IVAR right for my company?

A: From using it as a standalone all-in-one video surveillance solution, to integrating via IVAR’s open API, to adding it to an existing Milestone Xprotect® system, IVAR excels at being versatile in suiting your needs.

IVAR Edge AI Video Analytics Dashboard

Final Thoughts on Video Analytics

The next time you find yourself in a crowded station and need to locate a missing friend (which is hopefully never), think of how a computer attached to a camera might go about doing it. The way that video analytics works is an incredibly interesting and broad topic to cover in one article.  If you made it this far in the article, you should now have a solid understanding of how video analytics operates and how video analytic software solutions like IVAR are driving technology forward.

Further Reading on Video Analytics

To read more about edge AI, click here

For more info on IVAR, click here

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Traffic

Smart Transportation – Traffic Intersections

Improving the Intersection

Look both ways before crossing – we all learn this when we’re young and pass it on to our children when they start going out in the world. The traffic signal and crosswalk are fundamental pieces in creating and encouraging orderly interactions between motorists and pedestrians – and as safe as they are, there’s always room for improvement.

In this article we’ll give a brief history of the intersection, talk about some safety problems it faces, and demonstrate a solution that’s already showing massive results.

Intersections Are an Evolving Technology

Road intersections have been a part of society for thousands of years, yet traffic signals and crosswalks were introduced less than a hundred years ago.

While most would assume that the introduction of these came with the invention of the automobile, they were actually introduced a bit before cars rolled off the assembly line. It is believed that the first ticket for running a red light was issued just minutes after the first traffic light was turned on.

It should be a no brainer that vehicles should stop at red lights and pedestrians keep to crosswalks. However, that idea gets mixed-up when we see motorcycles or scooters cutting corners by using crosswalks and also when pedestrians start to cross before they get the green light.

However ubiquitous traffic violations are in today’s dense urban environments, it still begs the question – what are their root causes? Is it a failure of urban design to integrate traffic flow, a lack of law enforcement, poor dissemination of road rules, impatient or inconsiderate drivers, or a combination of these?

Cities Need Smarter Solutions

With budget constraints and limited staff on hand to cover their thousands of intersections, cities world-wide need out of the box solutions to improve traveler safety and remind everyone that traffic laws are in place for good reason.

Enter the Smart City

We see news about them nearly every day, but what is a Smart City? Simply put, a Smart City uses different types of IoT devices and technologies to collect data and then use insights from that data to manage assets, resources, and services more efficiently than had they not been implemented. It follows that the room for improvement on systems currently in place is incredibly broad and deserves further classification and a closer look as well as a re-think of those systems.

These IoT sensors and data gathering devices we talk about in regards to the smart city almost always fall into the category of edge devices and some of these perform some of the actual work involved in processing the data gathered.

A Place for Video Analytics and Edge AI

Edge AI, when applied to video data, can turn the unstructured data into actionable and understandable information. Considering systems that might be able to benefit from the application of Smart City concepts, let’s look at our earlier example from the top – the traffic intersection.

smart city traffic

Creating A Smart Intersection

How much would it cost and would it even be possible to have a traffic officer at each intersection, 24/7, and have them log each traffic violation with information like time of day, license plate number, and vehicle make & color? And also have them raise a sign with driver info and a warning each time it happened, and report it all back to HQ as each infraction occurred?

The answer here is obvious, it would take an entire team with specific skills to accomplish this for all intersections and to achieve 24/7 coverage. This is the definition of a fool’s errand. It’s impossible to achieve this with only ‘feet on the ground’.

Now let’s consider a case in which we use video cameras with AI to do all of this. It not only seems attainable, but also very cost efficient.

camera locations

Proving the Edge AI Concept

In a recently published case about how video analytics and edge AI have drastically improved intersection safety and decreased infractions, solution deployment and use proved to deliver a 900% increase in identifying traffic infractions at an intersection in Taiwan – click the button below for the full story:

It’s important to note that this was all accomplished with existing and available technologies – the future is truly here and is helping law enforcement and overall safety in many public settings.

The Smart City Roll-Out

With more interest in creating new systems and updating older ones to curb traffic violations and increase public safety, companies like Gorilla, which have solutions that can deploy today and also make budget minded sense are poised to take the market lead as cities across the globe continue to roll out solutions.

Thoughts and Further Reading

The instruction to look both ways before crossing should never stop being taught, but we can now cross our streets more confidently with continued improvements in public safety using edge AI solutions to build up Smart City solutions.

To read more about edge AI, click here

For more info on Smart City solutions, click here

You’re also very welcome to contact us at anytime here: Contact Us

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